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Oscar de la Renta
July 22, 1932 – October 20, 2014
Oscar de la Renta’s career spanned several administrations and many First Ladies looked to the American fashion designer for just the right thing to wear on important occasions.
Here is a photo of Hillary Clinton in her 1997 inaugural gown designed by the great Oscar de la Renta.
President Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham Clinton dance at a 1997 Inaugural Ball. 1/20/97. Photo from the Clinton Library
The brightly glowing plumes seen in this image are reminiscent of an underwater scene, with turquoise-tinted currents and nebulous strands reaching out into the surroundings.
However, this is no ocean. This image actually shows part of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), a small nearby galaxy that orbits our galaxy, the Milky Way, and appears as a blurred blob in our skies. The NASA/European Space Agency (ESA) Hubble Space Telescope has peeked many times into this galaxy, releasing stunning images of the whirling clouds of gas and sparkling stars (opo9944a, heic1301, potw1408a).
This image shows part of the Tarantula Nebula’s outskirts. This famously beautiful nebula, located within the LMC, is a frequent target for Hubble (heic1206, heic1402).
In most images of the LMC the color is completely different to that seen here. This is because, in this new image, a different set of filters was used. The customary R filter, which selects the red light, was replaced by a filter letting through the near-infrared light. In traditional images, the hydrogen gas appears pink because it shines most brightly in the red. Here however, other less prominent emission lines dominate in the blue and green filters.
This data is part of the Archival Pure Parallel Project (APPP), a project that gathered together and processed over 1,000 images taken using Hubble’s Wide Field Planetary Camera 2, obtained in parallel with other Hubble instruments. Much of the data in the project could be used to study a wide range of astronomical topics, including gravitational lensing and cosmic shear, exploring distant star-forming galaxies, supplementing observations in other wavelength ranges with optical data, and examining star populations from stellar heavyweights all the way down to solar-mass stars.
Image Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA: acknowledgement: Josh Barrington
Text: European Space Agency …read more
WASH, D.C. DEMO– Violence at the Pentagon, more than six-hundred persons arrested, and the general feeling that everyone lost are the parts and sum of a two-day anti-Vietnam-War demonstration in the nation’s capital.
The March on the Pentagon, 1967
On October 21, 1967, an estimated crowd of 100,000 gathered by the Lincoln Memorial in Washington to protest the Vietnam War and march on the Pentagon. Organized by the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, the demonstration was the first major national protest against the Vietnam War. Along with the signs, chants, and other hallmarks of an anti-war demonstration, activists Abbie Hoffman, Allen Ginsberg, Ed Sanders, and Jerry Rubin planned an exorcism designed to raise the Pentagon off its foundation and put an end to the war. While the exorcism was mostly designed as political theater, the group purportedly met with officials from the General Services Administration and obtained permission to attempt a three-foot levitation (reduced dramatically from their original plan of 300 feet). The group also planned to use an airplane to drop a multitude of daisies on the Pentagon. They were foiled by the FBI at the airport, but the daisies played a part in creating one of the most iconic images of the late 1960s–that of a young protester placing a flower into the barrel of a National Guardsman’s rifle. By the end of the protest, the Pentagon remained firmly on its foundation, nearly 700 protesters had been jailed, and dozens were hospitalized. While it would be nearly seven years until the end of fighting in Vietnam, the march on the Pentagon had a lasting impact on public discussions surrounding the war. In its contemporary assessment of the events, the Universal News narration straddles the political line, saying that both sides ended up as losers.
The 2012 elections shattered spending records, with outside groups such as super PACs, nonprofits, unions and corporations plowing an estimated $1.3 billion into federal campaigns. With this year’s elections just two weeks away, we’ve rounded up some of the best investigative reporting on campaign finance. The list includes stories that provide fresh insight into what happened in 2012 and ones that get inside who’s shelling out on campaigns this cycle. In addition, we’ve spotlighted a couple of ProPublica’s stories on the subject.
A Campaign Inquiry in Utah Is the Watchdog’s Worst Case, The New York Times, March 2014
John Swallow used to work as a lobbyist for a Utah payday-lending company. So when he decided to run for state attorney general, he turned to payday lenders to help finance his campaign. But Swallow was wary of the industry’s sketchy reputation, Times reporter Nick Confessore wrote. “The solution: Hide the payday money behind a string of PACs and nonprofits, making it difficult to trace donations from payday lenders to Mr. Swallow’s campaign.” Swallow’s tactics eventually triggered investigations by the Internal Revenue Service and the state, and Swallow resigned less than a year after his election.
Pro-Obama Group Fires Fundraiser Who Diverted Felon’s $100,000 Gift, NBC News, February 2014
Last December, a New Jersey doctor who had been convicted of Medicare fraud and tax evasion back in 1991, applied for a presidential pardon. Two months later, he wrote a $100,000 check to Organizing for Action, a nonprofit formed to promote President Obama’s policies. Though the group is not required to disclose its donors, it has a policy of doing so. Samantha Maltzman, an OFA consultant, returned the check and asked the doctor to donate instead to America Votes, another liberal nonprofit that does not make its donors public. Maltzman was fired after NBC News started asking questions.
Tea Party PACs Reap Money for Midterms But Spend Little on Candidates, The Washington Post, April 2014
Cutting wasteful government spending is a core tenet of the Tea Party movement. A Washington Post analysis, however, “found that some of the top national tea party groups engaged in this year’s midterm elections have put just a tiny fraction of their money directly into boosting the candidates they’ve endorsed,” the Post’s Matea Gold wrote. The Senate Conservatives Fund, for instance, “paid a luxury interior design firm more than $52,000 last year to paint and decorate its Capitol Hill townhouse office.”
Meet the New Kochs: The DeVos Clan’s Plan to Defund the Left, Mother Jones, January 2014
The billionaire DeVos family exercises huge influence over Michigan politics. In this story, reporter Andy Kroll shows how Dick DeVos Jr. worked to craft a strategy to pass right-to-work legislation in the labor-friendly state and poured money into the effort. “DeVos worked the phones all the way to the end, even calling several lawmakers on their cellphones as they prepared to cast their votes,” Kroll …read more
Nelson Vance Russell Issues First Researcher Card to Oliver H. Spaulding, October 21, 1936 64-NA-109
Oliver H. Spaulding Signs Register, October 21, 1936 64-NA-110
The National Archives Welcomes Its First Researcher on October 21, 1936:
Nelson Vance Russell Issues First Researcher Card to Thomas M. Spaulding*, October 21, 1936
Established 80 years ago on June 19, 1934, the National Archives opened to researchers (then known as “investigators”) in 1936. The first researcher, Thomas Spaulding visited on October 21, when he was presented with the coveted Researcher Card No. 1 by Chief of the Division of Reference, Nelson Vance Russell, and signed the official Register of Investigators. The building officially opened to researchers on November 2, 1936 but it’s unknown why Spaulding rated a special early preview.
Today’s post comes via Alan Walker, an archivist in Research Services at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland.
(*Thomas Spaulding is incorrectly identified as Oliver Spaulding in the original photo caption, the name of his well-known father and brother.)
Perk up your Monday with a memo about coffee.
Staff Secretary Jim Connor’s note on this memo from Deputy Chief of Staff Dick Cheney from October 20, 1975, succinctly sums up why the coffee bill for Donald Rumsfeld’s office was over $100: “They are drinking too much coffee and have too many people drinking it!”
The Mess records showed that the bill covered 200 pots of coffee, meaning that the Chief of Staff and his eight staff members would have consumed about 10 pots per day during a five-day work week.
Too much coffee: do you agree or disagree?
The Map Thief
Maps have long fascinated viewers—both as beautiful works of art and as practical tools to navigate the world. But for collectors, the map trade can be a cutthroat business. In his book The Map Thief: The Gripping Story of an Esteemed Rare-Map Dealer Who Made Millions Stealing Priceless Maps, author Michael Blanding describes the life of E. Forbes Smiley, a respectable antiquarian map dealer who spent years doubling as a map thief—until he was finally arrested for slipping maps out of books in the Yale University library. A book signing follows the program.
Thursday, October 23, at noon in the William G. McGowan Theater.
(And we agree — it’s hard to choose only five!)
- George Washington’s First Inaugural Address, 4/30/1789
Since March, we’ve been featuring documents and stories from the First Congress. George Washington’s first inaugural address is perhaps our favorite document in our holdings. It’s one of the few documents we hold that is handwritten by Washington.
- Senate Revisions to the House Proposed Amendments to the U.S. Constitution (Senate Mark-up of the Bill of Rights), 9/1789
We have a lot of mark-ups in our holdings, but this is our favorite. This document shows us how the Senate carefully weighed each word of the text when debating the first proposed constitutional amendments passed by the House.
- Photograph of Astronaut Scott Carpenter explaining Phases of his Flight to Astronaut John Glenn, 5/24/1962
Our entire collection of images from the Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Science is awesome, but this one is definitely our favorite. Just two regular guys talking about work!
- S.J. Res. 189: the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution as Introduced, 8/5/1964
This made the list for a lot of reasons. Like the Senate Mark-up of the Bill of Rights, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution shows Congress at work. It’s really quit a remarkable piece of legislation!
- Petition for the Establishment of a Roads Department, 12/20/1893
Who would think we’d have a 6 foot petition in our holdings? In fact, it’s one of the largest petitions within the entire holdings of the National Archives! The petition prompted the creation and funding of an office to conduct road research. The office would later become the Federal Highway Administration.